By Saskia Peels
In Hosios: A Semantic learn of Greek Piety Saskia Peels elucidates the semantics of the traditional Greek adjective hosios and its cognates. regularly rendered as ‘piety’, hosios used to be a key inspiration in Classical Greek faith and mirrored a middle price in Athenian democracy. due to the fact that antiquity, its which means and utilization have questioned many. This research units out to solve quite a few scholarly debates at the semantics of hosios by means of concentrating on the belief of lexical festival. It illuminates the semantic dating among hosios and its near-synonyms eusebês and dikaios, and the relationship to the proposal of the ‘sacred’. utilizing insights from sleek linguistic concept, the ebook additionally goals to enhance tools for study into the lexical semantics of a lifeless language.
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Extra info for Hosios: A Semantic Study of Greek Piety
El. 1203), decide ὅσια (n = 2, for example by condemning a criminal, Lys. 96), or order ἀνόσια (n = 1, by giving instructions to burn a corpse against the custom, Hdt. 2). Τὰ ὅσια and τὰ ἀνόσια can also refer to actions of others to which one responds. Characters hear or see ὅσια (n = 2, for example, Theseus’s decision to help retrieve the corpses of the Seven, e. Supp. 8), and Zeus will surely punish τὰ ἀνόσια (n = 1, the actions involved in entering the women-only festival of the Thesmophoria as a man, Ar.
Or. 1213), μήτηρ (n = 1, e. Or. 24), κάρα (n = 1, e. Or. 481), ξένος (n = 3, e. Hec. 790, 852, 1235), also: θιασώτης (n = 1, Ar. Ra. 327), μύστης (n = 1, Ar. Ra. 335), κλῃδοῦχος (n = 1, e. it 130–131), μιάστωρ (n = 2, s. ot 353, e. El. 683), κνώδαλον (n = 1, a. Supp. 762, referring to the sons of Aegyptus), λᾳστήριος (n = 1, Epich. fr. 6). 5). 9 n= 100. g. Theseus killed his child ἀνοσίως (e. Hipp. 1287). g. it is not ὅσιον to acquit the defendant (Lys. 93). 9). 10 It is said about someone that he or she ‘is ὅσιος (or not)’, that he or she acted ὁσίως or ἀνοσίως, or that the present state of affairs ‘is ὅσιος’ or the opposite, because of some previous action.
607, e. Ph. 6), μέλος (n = 1, Ar. Av. 897–898). 5 where the speaker says his ‘request’ is ὅσιος’ (ἡ αἴτησις … ὁσίως ἔχουσα). the semantics of οσιος 31 comic chorus warns Mnesilochus that the gods will punish him and then he will no longer laugh about his own ἀνοσίους λόγους (his plan to murder a human baby on an altar). e. 13 Both types of construction taken together account for the large majority of the data (80%). In these cases ὅσιος and ἀνόσιος are evaluative terms associated with and referring to human behaviour.