By Angela Randels-Thorp, David Liss
Acid-Base and Electrolyte instruction manual for Veterinary Technicians provides a simple to appreciate but accomplished method of acid-base and electrolyte balance.
- Covers the body structure of fluids and their impression on acid-base and electrolyte balance
- Offers precise info on dealing with acid-base and electrolyte derangements in disease
- Includes entry to a better half site with case experiences and a number of selection questions
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Additional info for Acid-base and electrolyte handbook for veterinary technicians
In comparison to pure water loss, hypotonic fluid loss stimulates a less dramatic fluid shifting from the ICF to the ECF in order to re‐establish equilibrium. As a result, these patients frequently present with a degree of hypovolemia. Hypervolemic hypernatremia is the least common cause of hypernatremia in veterinary medicine and is seen when sodium, or other impermeant solutes, is gained (Mazzaferro 2013). g. ingestion of homemade salt, playdough, or the use of salt as an emetic) or the addition of an alternate impermeant solute—such as mannitol, glucose, or sodium bicarbonate—to the ECF.
Chest radiographs may be required to evaluate the presence and extent of pulmonary edema if present. Signs of volume deficit may also be observed in response to overzealous treatment of hypervolemia or presenting hypovolemia. 5 mL/kg/hour), poor skin turgor, tachycardia, weak, narrow pulse, and hypotension. Development or deterioration of neurologic status, hyper‐ or hypovolemia, and rapid changes in blood parameters should be brought to the attention of the clinician immediately. Hypernatremia Hypernatremia reportedly occurs much less commonly than hyponatremia and describes plasma sodium levels greater than 160 mEq/L (Nelson, Delaney, & Elliot 2009).
Rosner, M. H. (2010). Osmotic demyelination syndrome. American Journal of the Medical Sciences 339(6): 561–7. Kochevar, D. T. & Scott, M. M. (2013). Principles of acid‐base balance: Fluid and electrolyte therapy. In: J. E. Riviere & M. G. Papich (eds), Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics. Ames, IA: Wiley‐Blackwell: 605–46. Koenig, A. (2009). Hyperglycemic hyperosmolar syndrome. In: D. C. Silverstein & K. Hopper (eds), Small Animal Critical Care Medicine. St Louis, MO: Saunders Elsevier: 291–4.