A Narratological Commentary on the Odyssey by Irene J. F. de Jong

By Irene J. F. de Jong

Entire commentaries at the Homeric texts abound, yet this observation concentrates on one significant element of the Odyssey--its narrative paintings. The function of narrator and narratees, equipment of characterization and surroundings description, and the advance of the plot are mentioned. The learn goals to reinforce our figuring out of this masterpiece of ecu literature. All Greek references are translated and technical phrases are defined in a word list. it really is directed at scholars and students of Greek literature and comparative literature.

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5–28nn. Here the Suitors are playing a game, while servants prepare a meal; throughout the story they will be seen amusing themselves with dance and sport (cf. 167–9), and eating (cf. 122–62, 250–83, 390). The repeated picture of the Suitors eating43 makes visible one of their *crimes; they are literally consuming Odysseus’ property (cf. ). It is only fitting that they will ultimately be killed during a meal. This event is prepared for in the ‘disturbed meal’ motif: conscious or unconscious anticipations of or stories about people being killed during a meal;44 cf.

47 48 Jones (1941) and Matsumoko (1981). Besslich (1966: 98, n. 23) and De Jong (1987a: 104). 29, but only here of a rack for spears. This detail allows the narrator to remind us once again of the rightful owner of the palace (cf. ). The narratees may also see the symbolism of Telemachus placing the stranger’s spear – which from 99–101 they know to be Athena’s spear ‘with which she is wont to kill the men she is angry at’ – next to those of Odysseus; in Book 22 goddess and hero will fight side by side against the Suitors.

279–387). 125–87 he punishes the Phaeacians for bringing Odysseus home. The wrath comes to its prescribed end, when Odysseus has come home (cf. 532–5). 119–31). 22–6 The Ethiopians offer a conventional means of motivating a god’s absence (cf. Il. 423–4). It is only when Poseidon is ‘far away’ – the detailed description of the Ethiopians’ location, which occurs only here, stresses this crucial fact twice: thlÒy’, ¶sxatoi – that Athena dares to bring up Odysseus’ case. For her circumspection towards her uncle Poseidon, cf.

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