By U.S. Department of Transportation
This advisor used to be constructed together through the U.S. division of Transportation, delivery Canada, and the Secretariat of Communications and Transportation of Mexico (SCT) to be used by means of firefighters, police, and different emergency prone body of workers who could be the first to reach on the scene of a transportation incident concerning a harmful fabric. it truly is basically a advisor to assist first responders in (1) speedy choosing the explicit or accepted class of the material(s) interested in the incident, and (2) keeping themselves and most of the people in this preliminary reaction part of the incident. The ERG is up to date each 3 to 4 years to deal with new items and know-how.
desk of Contents
the way to Use This Guidebook
desk of Placards and preliminary reaction courses to take advantage of On-Scene
Numerical Index of risky items
Alphabetical Index of risky items
security advice publications
desk of preliminary Isolation and protecting motion Distances
desk of Water-Reactive fabrics Which Produce poisonous Gases
fireplace and Spill keep an eye on
Criminal/Terrorist Use of Chemical/Biological brokers
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Additional info for 2004 Emergency Response Guidebook
Stay upwind. • Many gases are heavier than air and will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). • Keep out of low areas. • Ventilate closed spaces before entering. PROTECTIVE CLOTHING • Wear positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA). • Wear chemical protective clothing that is specifically recommended by the manufacturer. It may provide little or no thermal protection. • Structural firefighters' protective clothing provides limited protection in fire situations ONLY; it is not effective in spill situations where direct contact with the substance is possible.
If possible, turn leaking containers so that gas escapes rather than liquid. Use water spray to reduce vapors or divert vapor cloud drift. Avoid allowing water runoff to contact spilled material. • Do not direct water at spill or source of leak. • Prevent spreading of vapors through sewers, ventilation systems and confined areas. • Isolate area until gas has dispersed. CAUTION: When in contact with refrigerated/cryogenic liquids, many materials become brittle and are likely to break without warning.
Those substances designated with a "P" may polymerize explosively when heated or involved in a fire. Vapors from liquefied gas are initially heavier than air and spread along ground. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Cylinders exposed to fire may vent and release flammable gas through pressure relief devices. Containers may explode when heated. Ruptured cylinders may rocket. HEALTH • • • • Vapors may cause dizziness or asphyxiation without warning. Some may be toxic if inhaled at high concentrations.